What Is a Bail Bond?
A bail bond is an settlement by a criminal defendant to appear for trial or pay a sum of cash set by the court docket. The bail bond is cosigned by a bail bondsman, who fees the defendant a charge in return for guaranteeing the cost. The bail bond is a kind of surety bond.
The commercial bail bond system exists only within the United States and the Philippines. In different nations, bail might entail a set of restrictions and conditions placed on prison defendants in return for his or her launch until their trial dates.
·A bail bond cosigned by a bail bondsmen is posted by a defendant in lieu of full payment of the bail set by the court.
·The bail bond serves as surety that the defendant will seem for trial.
·Judges usually have large latitude in setting bail amounts.
·Bail bondsmen generally charge 10% of the bail quantity up entrance in return for their service and may charge extra charges. Some states have put a cap of 8% on the amount charged.
·The bail system is widely considered as discriminatory to low-revenue defendant and contributing to the mass-incarceration of young African-American men.
How a Bail Bond Works
An individual who's charged with a crime is typically given a bail hearing earlier than a decide. The amount of the bail is at the choose's discretion. A choose might deny bail altogether or set it at an astronomical level if the defendant is charged with a violent crime or appears prone to be a flight danger.
Judges generally have wide latitude in setting bail quantities, and typical quantities differ by jurisdiction. A defendant charged with a nonviolent misdemeanor could see bail set at $500. Felony crime charges have correspondingly excessive bail, with $20,000 or more not uncommon.
The industrial bail bond system exists solely in the United States and the Philippines.
Once the quantity of the bail is about, the defendant's decisions are to remain in jail till the fees are resolved at trial, to arrange for a bail bond, or to pay the bail amount in full till the case is resolved. In the last occasion, courts in some jurisdictions settle for title to a home or other collateral of worth in lieu of cash.
Bail bondsmen, also known as bail bond brokers, provide written agreements to get more info criminal courts to pay the bail in full if the defendants whose appearances they assure fail to seem on their trial dates.
Bail bondsmen generally cost 10% of the bail quantity up front in return for his or her service and should charge additional charges. Some states have put a cap of 8% on the amount charged.
The agent may additionally require an announcement of creditworthiness or might demand that the defendant turn over collateral within the form of property or securities. Bail bondsmen generally settle for most property of value, including vehicles, jewellery, and houses in addition to shares and bonds.
Once the bail or bail bond is delivered, the defendant is launched until trial.
The Disadvantages of the Bail Bond System
The bail bond system has turn out to be a part of the bigger debate over mass incarceration, especially of younger African-American males, in the U.S.
The bail bond system is taken into account by many even within the legal occupation to be discriminatory, as it requires low-income defendants to remain in jail or scrape together a 10% money payment and the remainder of the bail-in collateral—even earlier than they stand trial for any crime. PrisonPolicy.org says that about 536,000 people are being held in jails within the U.S. as a result of they cannot afford bail or a bail bondsman's companies.
Four states including Illinois, Kentucky, Oregon, and Wisconsin have outlawed bail bondsmen and as a substitute require a 10% deposit on the bail quantity to be lodged with the courtroom. In 2018, California voted to eliminate money bail requirements from its court system.